(1933-1937 . )

1921-1941 (1933-1937 . )

, . . 2,1 , 8 . 16, 5%. 69, 5 . ., 53, 4.( 2, 5 , ) 16, 1 . . ( 4, 6 , ).

opo e a eo oe a 4 oa 3 eca. 1937 . poeoc aa poy 2,2 paa oe, e 1932 ., a ea poeoc 3,4 paa oe. poy aocpoe poca o 1,5 paa eco 2,1 paa, aeex ao, o oece execoe epeoopyee o cex opace apooo xoca ypeee oopoococooc CCCP. Oao aa eeo aa poocy oo, yp, pacopaopo, cox cao, ecoo oopyoa e oe.

poy epo eaypr a opy ey ypoac Oao aae eeo aa ae yya o eooeo a 9%. Baa e oee e yoac, aa a yeac 41 pa. aoo coaa poeoc poocy e, ooa, a p. poy xeco poeoc poca 3 paa Coa pyee ao poocy ceecoo ayya, aox, ax yope aao.

oa y a ee o yoac, a oa e yeac a oy pe. Oao oa poeoc e cpaac c aae e, o coao cepee pyoc pao poex pep, epoca, eex opo.

Kpye ycex ocy pa eo eo poeoc. Cpeeooo e ppoca x poy coca 14,8% Xo o e aapoaoro, o aeo e, e epo ee (11,7%). cpoop eax pa opaee A aeo yeae) ( epo ee 28,5% 11,7%, o opo ee19% 14,8%).

a o opo e cp ea paaac oopoa poeoc, poy oopo yeac oee e 2,8 paa, a poy aaoo poeoc 5,5 paa. aoap ycexa pa oopoo poeoc, a ae eo poeoc eo a o epx yx eo a ocoo peea aaa execoo epeoopye Kpaco Ap.

Koea epe ocoo a aoea Kpy a nepe cea exaa ccoo xoca: a o epo epe oya oee 300 . paopo, 114 c. oao, 132 c. pyox aoa oeco pyo ex. oce oa a nee poc 5,6 . a. poy eee, cocaa 1933 . 121% ypo 1913 ., 1937 ocra 150% ooeoy ypo. Opeee ycex ocy oac oooca. o epo e oo peo copaoc: 193 . eo po cocaa 65% ypo 1913 . C 1934 . aac ee poc. 1937 . y oooca cocaa 109% ypo 1913 .

ec rocyapcee ay poyo ceo xoca, apep, cpeeooe ay epa poc 50%.

eo aa eeo aa oac cecoro xoca cepeo eooe. O oe cecoceoo pooca a ee poc oopa paa (co yx ay). aooe aae xoy o epeoeo: aoo cop xoa 1937 . coca 25,8 (na 21,2 ). Baoe cop caxapo ce a eoe. 1937 oooe pyoo poaoo coa cocao 50,9 . (ao aeaoc e 65,5 roo), ce 25,7 . (43,4 ), oe o 66,6 (96 ) a pooca aoo poy oooca oe a 62,9%.

p eyoeopeoo oe aa opo e oac cecoo xoca coco ceye: o epx, epea oaac aeee a oac eca cecoo xca ( e pax ceooopoo, copox oceo, pee epax yope . .), o-opx, e ocyece aeee e ao aaooe pae cecoo xoca ( cpae c epo eo o poc a 33% eco 57%, peycopex ao), -x, cece aex op oaex ocao ocyapcy poyo cecoo xoca x aooex e y oxoo oxoo e o oo aepo aepecoaoc poce cecoxoceoo pooca, -eepx, pae oooca opooc ocyce coo opoo a, eocao pooco ypaoo epa. , epa octaaoc a opeooo ypoe, a o-cyapcee aoo xe peo opoc, y oxoo ocaaoc oe ao ypaoo epa pa oooc Haoe, caac eaope ooe yco 1933 1936 .


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IV
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